-1989-1993: PhD in Virology, University of Paris, Institut Pasteur Paris, France. -1981-1986: School of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, University of Paris, France. Doctorate Thesis defended in 1989.
-2007-2013. Principal Investigator, Team Leader, Cochin Institute, Department of Immunology, Infection and Inflammation, INSERM/CNRS/University of Paris, France.
-2005-2007. Director of the Department of Infectious Diseases, Team Leader, Cochin Institute, INSERM/CNRS/University of Paris, France.
-2003. Visiting Professor in the laboratories of Prs J. Guatelli (UCSD, La Jolla, USA) and P. Greengard (Rockefeller University, New York, USA).
-1996-2005. Principal Investigator, Team Leader, Department of Infectious Diseases, INSERM/CNRS/University of Paris, Cochin Institute, France.
-1993-1996. Research Associate, INSERM, Cochin Institute, Paris, France.
-1989-1993. PhD fellow, Department of Retrovirology, Pasteur Institute, Paris. -1986-1988. Resident, Internal Clinical Pharmacy in Public Parisian Hospitals, France.